Sub Harnessing the Power of the Sun using Microalgae Systems - Case Study:
Ltd Queensland Sciences Life 3:Section 42 Remember – when you contact a Member, please tell them you found them in the 2018 LSQ Member Directory By 2050 the human population is forecast to expand from 7.5 to 9.6 billion people. We will require 70 per cent more food (United
Nations), 50 per cent more fuel (International Energy Agency), and 50 per cent more water (Organization for Economic Co-operation
and Development). We also need to reduce CO2 emissions by over 80% (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). All of these
will have to be achieved to ensure economic, social, political, climate, food, water and fuel security. The Centre for Solar Biotechnology
connects ~30 international research teams and its industry partners to accelerate the innovation and commercialisation of new solar
powered technologies and industries, based on photosynthetic green algae. Green-algae technologies tap into the huge energy
resource of the sun and absorb CO2 to provide economic solar driven solutions that will help supply the world’s rowing energy,
food and water needs, and a path for CO2 utilisation. These technologies also open up a suite of high value opportunities in the
nutraceutical and pharmaceutical sectors. This research actively supports the development of new job opportunities, sustainable
regional development, export industries and a clean, green and renewable future.
State of the Tropics - Case Study
In early 2011 a group of leading research institutions with an interest in tropical issues united to examine the condition of life in the
Tropics. The group met in Singapore in mid-2011 to scope a project that would draw on shared expertise to report trends across
a broad range of environmental, social and economic indicators. The intent was to shed light on a simple question: Is life in the
Tropics getting better?
The State of the Tropics report is the culmination of that collaboration. Across a broad range of environmental, social and economic
indicators, the Tropics emerges as a critical global region with a unique set of development challenges and opportunities.
Indeed, the report has revealed a new global dynamic. The trajectory of the Tropics and the extent to which development challenges
can be addressed and opportunities embraced will affect the future of the world.
Since the report the United Nations has decided that the International Day of the Tropics will be celebrated every year on the 29th
of June. The date is the anniversary of the launch of the inaugural State of the Tropics 2014 report, the first major output of the
State of the Tropics project, which is convened by JCU and draws on the expertise of leading institutions from around the world.
The Tropics is home to 40 per cent of the world’s population, including 55 per cent of the world’s children under the age of five
years old. By 2050, some 50 per cent of the world’s population and close to 60 per cent of the world’s children are expected to live
in the Tropics. The tropical world’s economy is growing 20 per cent faster than the rest of the world and many tropical nations are
important contributors to world trade, geopolitics and innovation.
The Tropics is important as a wellspring of biodiversity. It covers only 40 per cent of the world’s surface area, but hosts approximately
80 per cent of its terrestrial biodiversity and more than 95 per cent of its mangrove and coral reef-based biodiversity. Assessments
of key indicators of wellbeing such as life expectancy and economic output per capita show that, while there have been rapid
improvements, the Tropics still lags behind the Rest of the World
The region is at a critical juncture. The resources required to sustain larger populations and economic growth are putting significant
and increasing pressures on the natural environment; poverty remains prevalent in many areas; many nations suffer from poor health
and educational outcomes; significant investment in infrastructure is still required in many nations; and, in some cases, political
and economic instability and poor governance are major constraints that limit development. Clearly, while efforts to solve these
challenges are on the right track, much remains to be done.
The range and significance of shared issues facing nations and territories in the Tropics suggests it is timely to examine the
characteristics and challenges facing the tropical region as an entity in itself.
By assessing a broad range of environmental, social and economic indicators the inaugural State of the Tropics Report shines a
light on the people and issues of the tropical world, and contributes to efforts to improve the lives of the peoples of the Tropics and