Sub Ltd Queensland Sciences Life 3:Section Animal Health
3.2 Animal Health
Animal health plays a key role in Queensland agriculture.
Whether it’s planning the vaccination of a 900kg stud bull or
ensuring laying hens remain disease free, animal health is a
priority in terms of wellbeing, public health and the Queensland
The primary objective of the animal health sector is to develop
and improve the health and wellbeing of animals through
discovery, development and distribution of products. These
products should improve the safety, performance, quality of life
and productivity of livestock, sporting animals and companion
animals whilst protecting and preserving human health and
the environment. Animal biotechnology also includes; the
generation of transgenic animals, gene knockout technology to
genetically alter an animal and somatic cell nuclear transfer to
produce nearly identical copies of animals.
Queensland is a leader in animal health research and next
generation product development in Australia – a result of
the State’s combination of skilled personnel, world class
infrastructure, biosecurity advantages and, of course, its diverse
Further investment in this sub sector will ensure that Australian
veterinarians, producers and pet owners have access to
innovative medicines to ensure their livestock, thoroughbreds or
pets receive the best possible healthcare outcomes.
Similarly, with past outbreaks of the Hendra virus in Queensland
and New South Wales, there was an identified need for Australia
to find applications for biotechnology, in both detecting and
36 Remember – when you contact a Member, please tell them you found them in the 2018 LSQ Member Directory preventing infections and parasitic diseases and in the creation
of new vaccines which combine efficacy, duration of protection,
innocuity, stability, multivalence and ease of use to prevent the
spread of disease.
There have been a number of advancements in modern
animal biotechnology, with the ability to clone animals being an
interesting breakthrough. Transgenic farm animals have been
used as bioreactors for the purpose of producing large amounts
of medicines. The globalised trade in live animals, animal
products and feed is leading to an increasing threat of infectious
diseases world-wide, enabling the spread of infectious diseases
to new regions, countries and continents.
To prevent the spread of infectious diseases, it is critical to
identify infectious agents rapidly and accurately and to control
the disease efficiently. Biotechnology is contributing to the
development of diagnostic assays for early pathogen detection,
and "provides the means by which novel and effective tools can
be specifically designed for control and eradication".
Throughout Australia, the majority of animal biotechnology
research is focused on "increasing the nutrition levels of animal
feed; disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention; mapping the
genetic profile of animal species to understand gene function;
and controlling pest animal species".